Treeing Walker History
Breeding Today For Hounds Of Tomorrow
Treeing Walker History



    Grand Nite. Ch.
     House's Chief

Grand Nite Ch.
Mear's Finley River    Dan

Ch. Nite Ch.
Shetler's Sonny Boy

Dual Grand Ch.
Spring Creek Rock

Raymond Motley
Oklahoma Spot Jr.

World Champions
Stan's Sailor Boy
Merchant's Bawlie
House's Bawlie

Rock River Sackett Jr.
House's Lipper
Nocturnal Nailor and Lester Nance

1993 UKC World Ch.
House's Tri-Color Tom Tom

2007 UKC World Champion

Bellar's Janice Joplin


Ch. Nite Ch.
Nance's Little Topper

Grand Nite Ch.
River Bend Flag

Dual Grand Ch.
McCallister's Finley River Banjo

Dual Grand Ch.
House's Lipper

 Grand Nite Ch.
Nocturnal Nailor

Dual Grand Ch.
Gold Creek Mundo

Grand Nite Ch.  Monroe's Finley River Joe
There are many great hounds that have help make the Treeing Walker breed the wonderful breed it is today.  We will constantly be updating this site.  If you have any pictures, stories or information that should go on this site, please contact us. 
You can click here to email us.

Be Sure To Join Our Foundation Of The Breed Forum, It costs nothing and there are many pictures of the greats of the past and also many ads on these hounds.  New ones are being put up most everyday.  Click the link below and enjoy a trip back to the past.

CLICK HERE to go to The Foundation Of The Breed Forum.  Here you will be able to view more pictures and ads.  Ask questions and take part in discussions.







 TREEING WALKER

A.C.H.A. WORLD CHAMPIONS

1949                            
White River Boone                 
1951 - 1952                
Incredible Rock                        
1955 - 1956 - 1958  
Merchant's Bawlie                   
1959                             
Merchant's Fannie                  
1960                             
Deep River Mike                      
1961                              
Stan's Sailor Boy                      
1962                              
Katie's Rowdy                            
1963                             
House's Bawlie                          
1964                             
Stan's Sailor Jr.                          
1965                             
Claxton's Finley River Spot    
1966                             
 Spring Creek Smokey                
1968 - 1969                
Mathis Carolina Casey              
1970                              
Gann's Finisher                          
1971                               
Robb's Danny Boy                     
1972                               
Vance's Crowding Billy             
1973                              
Beanblossom Buck                     
1974                              
Swinney's Diamond Jim           
1975                              
Tennessee Lead                           
1976                              
House's Tom Tom                      
1978                              
 Wagoner's Bandit                       
1981                               
Hern's Red Eagle Dick             
1982                               
Kentucky River Striker            
1985                                
House's Snipe                             
2005                                Rock                                               
2006                                Maggie                                           
AKC purchased the ACHA Registry in 1986
      TREEING WALKER
 A.K.C. WORLD CHAMPIONS
1987                             
Boggy Creek Bonnie                           
1988                             
Smith's Ohio Clipper                                          

1989                              
Buck Creek Gracie                        
1990                             
 Mack's Little Joe                           
1992                              
Hardwood Mandy
                        
1993                              
Campbell's Bluegrass Luther 
  
1994                              
Bristol Ridge Spring                     
1995                              
Smith's Ohio Cindy                       
1996                             
Ward's Hardwood Hank             
1997                              
William's Lipper Dee                   
1998                              
Abby Creek Earnhart 
                  
1999                               
Brandy
                                              
2000                             
Sackett's Sun
                                  
2002                              
Thompson's Dutchess
                 
2003                              
KY. Swamp Buggy II 
                    
2004                              
Nocturnal Horn
                             
2005                              
Buck Creek Mr. Smith                 
2006                              
 Bellar's Gabby                                 
2008                              
 Buck Creek Mr. Smith                  


         TREEING WALKER
U.K.C. WORLD CHAMPIONS

2006                               
Split Creek History Quick            
2007                               
Bellar's Janice Joplin                     
   


       TREEING WALKER
P.K.C. WORLD CHAMPIONS

1981                                  Deamon                                            
1982                                 
Smokin' Joe                                     

1983                                 
Hillbilly Mac                                    
1986                                  
Luckett's Old Duke
                       
1990                                 
Fall River Polly 
                              
1992                                  
Luckett's Old Duke  
                      

1993                                 
 Awsome Annie                                
1997                                  
Stylish Lady 
                                     
2007                                 
Hawk's Traxx Attack 
  
                    

There are a lot more that will be added soon.

A.C.H.A. World Championship

If you are new to the sport of coonhunting and competition hunts you are aware that there are numerous World Hunts.  In the beginning it wasn't that way.  The ACHA World Hunt was the only True world hunt in the beginning.  Even after others started forming world hunts in other organizations the ACHA World Hunt was the one everyone wanted to win. The true World Champion was the ACHA World Champion.  It was the Gold Standard for Titles.  It was the one titile everyone that was into competition wanted if they had a choice.  Many of the greats in the Treeing Walker Hall Of Fame were ACHA World Champions.

History of ACHA

In the mid 1940's a small group of coon hunters formed an organization that would give coon hunters and their hounds an opportunity to display their skills in events called Wild Coon Hunts. They called themselves the American Coon Hunters Association ... ACHA.

In 1985 ACHA reached it's peak, they hunted 635 dogs in DuQuion, Il. and every coon hunter in the country wanted to win "THE WORLD CHAMPIONSIP", the ACHA World Championship!

In the late 1980"s ACHA and AKC merged to form ACHA/AKC. The merger was a disappointment to both parties and was dissolved shortly after it was formed. Since that time ACHA and AKC have gone their seperate ways and to this day remain two completely seperate and independent registries.

The Directors of the American Coon Hunters Association have pledged to do everything we can to maintain, improve and pass on the traditions and intergrity of this proud association.

• "ACHA" .... owned and governed by it's membership.
• "ACHA" .... the "original coon hunting association".
• "ACHA" .... the "granddaddy" of all the "World Hunts".
• "ACHA" .... committed to providing the fairest, most affordable and most enjoyable hunt                     we can.
• "ACHA" .... where our goal is to promote the "coonhound".
• "ACHA" .... "where it all started" and we live by our creed.... "fair to all and partial                     to none!".


             TREEING WALKER A.C.H.A. WORLD CHAMPIONS

White River Boone
Incredible Rock
Merchant's Bawlie
Merchant's Fannie
Deep River Mike
Stan's Sailor Boy
Katie's Rowdy
House's Bawlie
Stan's Sailor Jr.
Claxton's Finley River Spot
Spring Creek Smokey
Mathis Carolina Casey
Gann's Finisher
Robb's Danny Boy
Vance's Crowding Billy
Beanblossom Buck
Swinney's Diamond Jim
Tennesse Lead
House's Tom Tom
Wagoner's Bandit
Hern's Red Eagle Dick
Kentucky River Striker
House's Snipe



There are a lot more that will be added soon.




Stan's Sailor Boy       Merchant's Bawlie      House's Bawlie
1961 World Ch.           3 Time World Ch.     1963 Dual World Ch.



                       Billy                  Jim

Vance's Crowding Billy  1972 World Ch.
Swinney's Diamond Jim  1974 World Ch.

The Treeing Walker was developed from certain strains of English Walker Foxhounds. The credit for the development of the Walker Foxhound goes to two men - George Washington Maupin and John W. Walker. Both men were from Kentucky.

Before that time Thomas Walker of Albemarle County, Virginia, imported hounds from England in 1742. George Washington, who was an avid fox hunter, also imported several hounds from England in 1770. These dogs became the foundation strains of the "Virginia hounds", which were developed into the Walker hounds.

At least one major outcross was made in the 19th century that was to forever influence the breed. Strangely, the outcross was with a stolen dog from Tennessee of unknown origin, known as "Tennessee Lead."

Lead didn't look like the Virginia strain of English Foxhounds of that day. But he had an exceptional amount of game sense, and plenty of drive and speed and a clear, short mouth.

Walkers were first registered with U.K.C. as part of the English Coonhound breed. Then in 1945, at the request of Walker breeders, U.K.C. began registering them as a separate breed - first as Walkers (Treeing) and then later as Treeing Walkers.

The Lester Nance Story

After a long battle with Parkinson's disease, Lester Nance, of Arcadia, Indiana joined many of his hunting friends and their Lord, on December 9, 2001. He was born December 18, 1912, thus only 9 days short of 89 years old, and essentially all of it in his beloved Hamilton County.

Lester was a farmer that specialized in performance tested Purebred Yorkshire hogs, which he exhibited at the Indiana State Fair for over 50 consecutive years, and was well known for his enduring love and devotion to the TREEING WALKER HOUND.

Lester's first coon hunt was in November of 1926, and although disease made his body unable to actually participate, his mind was still with the hounds, and the many friends they brought him until his death. He had watched closely the Walker Foxhounds in his area that would tree game, not just run track, and in October of 1932 gave $13 cash and two bags of pig supplement for a 7 month old black & white male he named White River King. The name was used, because it was in the bottoms and banks of the White River where he and his good friend Ted Hosier (who died on the same day as Lester), spent their nights during the Great Depression.

White River King became well respected amongst all coonhunters of the area, and generated a whole new level for those that enjoyed the sport. Beginning in 1942, Lester contacted both AKC and UKC about starting a registry for his Walkers, but they were not interested in doing so. Finally, in May of 1943 the Full Cry Kennel Club recognized them as a breed, and White River King was the first recorded. In July of 1944 Lester advertised a litter of pups for $35 each, this was the first advertisement ever, using the words "Treeing Walkers". In this ad, he noted that he did not breed for length of ear, but what was between the ears.

After much discussion and several meetings, United Kennel Club did recognize the breed in 1946. But, as many of you know, they were registered as English Coonhound (Walker Treeing). They were registered this way until 1978, until pressure from the breeders, and a change of philosophy of the UKC finally gave way to the original name of 35 years before. White River King was again the first pedigree issued within this new breed, and thus the "ORIGINAL TREEING WALKER"

The first meeting of breeders to organize the first National Treeing Walker Association was held at the Nance farm in 1946, and was attended by about 40 people, including the entire Nance family, Russell Baker, George Zenk, Floyd Reeder, Albert Hopkins, and Stanley Knott. All would play important roles in getting the organization off the ground. The first National Treeing Walker Days was held the Walnut Grove School located about ¾ mile from the Nance farm in 1951, and was won by a son of White River Boone. Lester also had the first Treeing Walker Field Champion and Bench Champion. He also sat in on the committee that organized and designed bench shows, which is basically to same format followed today.

In 1949 Lester and his long time hunting companion Gleasel Harris traveled to Springfield, Ohio to the ACHA World Hunt. For those of a younger generation, this is when there was just "one" all breed national hunt a year, and it was by far the most important hunt held each year. When all the dust had settled, Lester had the first Treeing Walker to be called a World Champion in White River Boone, which he had purchased from Bernard Hole, and the Reserve World Champion was White River Rowdy, both Lester's and daughter Beth's all time favorite female, and daughter of White River King.

Perhaps the most important thing that occurred during this era, was that the Nance, Hole, Hosier, Harris, Dague and Emmert families have kept in touch and small children of that time now tell their grandchildren of the same experiences and relationships that the first Treeing Walkers made possible.

Lester stayed active for many more years, and produced dogs that were known to run track with the best anywhere. Many were used by big game hunters, and advertised as Nance Bred Hounds. Bob Marosock of Sheridan, Wyoming did much to continue the strain, when health problems began to limit Lester's ability to participate in hunts. However, at this point he had set the stage for breeders like Duane Clark, Jim Merchant, Joe House, John Monroe, J.C. Ellis, and others to take the breed on to new heights and accomplishments.

Lester's last active appearance at a National Event was at the Walker Days in Kalamazoo, Michigan where he was photographed with House's Lipper, Nocturnal Nailor, and Rock River Sackett Jr. These were and may still be the three most influential dogs of the breed, and could all be traced though extended pedigrees, to the Original Treeing Walkers that he so loved. It also connected him to another generation of Walker breeders, McCallister, Dickerson, and Giddings.

Along with his registry and breeding accomplishments, Lester was blessed with three grandsons, Kip and Trent Gordon of Arcadia and Cicero, and Mic Newby of Carthage, Indiana all of which hunt as much as they can, and have some of the closest relatives to the "originals" as possible. They process the appreciation and drive that Lester passed along to them, and in their own way have contributed to the breed. .

Daughter Beth (Snedegar), who can be found in many of the old pictures and records, played an active role in breed activities for 25 years, and has shown many Walkers to local, state, and national championships. Granddaughter Tricia has followed closely in the same footsteps. Beth could often be found curled up with Rowdy when she was small. On December 20 of 1934, Lester married Imogene Carson, and together they spent the next 67 years. They raised 4 children, Alan Nance of Augusta, Georgia; Lou Lee of Tipton, Indiana; Ann Gordon of Arcadia, Indiana; and Beth Snedegar of Vermontville, Michigan. They influenced together, 12 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren.

Imogene could always be counted upon to have plenty to eat for both the hunters and swine exhibitors alike, and came to know all that visited them. Together they were secretary to the Indiana Yorkshire Swine Association for 25 years, and watched over the 4-H swine show at both the Hamilton County Fair and the Indiana State Fair. They had several champions, the first Certified Meat Sire through the Indiana Swine Evaluation Station, and were inducted into the Indiana Livestock Breeders Hall of Fame. They also found time to play an active role in the Republican Party.

Lester was buried under a stone the two had special made several years ago. Etched in the stone between them, is White River King, from a photo taken in 1933. The cemetery is located near a creek where Lester used to hunt, and empties within 2-3 miles into the White River, and about 4 miles from where King was buried in 1946.

Although no longer physically with us, he still lives in every "TREEING WALKER" put down on a track!!!!

          Lester Nance



 

                                   Treeing Walker Breeders and Fanciers Association

                                                             HALL OF FAME

 The names in red have Finley River Bloodlines in them.


Males

Females

1968 Johnson's Banjo 1970 Miller's Roxie
1968 Merchant's Bawlie 1970 Bixler's Supreme Sally
1968 Shelter's Sonny Boy 1970 House's Queen
1968 Miller's Little Joker 1970 Merchant's Fannie
1968 Incredible Rock 1971 Hart's Queen
1969 White River King 1971 R&R Little Mille
1969 Motley's Missouri Major 1972 Lincoln's Babe
1970 White River Boone 1972 Goodwin's Little Jewel
1970 Merchant's Banjo II 1972 None
1970 Deep River Mike 1973 Eby's Sally
1970 Spring Creek Smokey 1974 Hershberger's Kansas Babe
1971 Katie's Rowdy 1975 Shady Lake Melody Ann
1971 Finley River Spot 1976 Kentucky Jude
1971 Carolina Casey 1977 Finley River Queen
1971 Stan's Sailor Boy 1978 Kentucky River Jill
1972 House's Bawlie 1979 Finley River Kate
1972 Illinois Mack 1980 Buffalo River Queen
1972 Stan's Sailor Jr. 1981 Dohoney's Cadillac
1973 Cherry River Banjo 1982 Pfeister's Little Judy
1974 Indiana Boone Boy 1983 White River Rowdy
1974 Finley River Chief 1984 Derickson's Singing Patches
1975 Gann's Finnisher 1985 Magill's Lone Pine Jill
1975 Vance's Crowding Billy 1986 Willow Slough Kate
1975 House's Chief 1987 Tinsley's Kansas Tess
1976 Tennessee Lead 1988 House's Queen Lou
1976 Shady Lake Bawlie 1989 Richies Rockewell Dawn
1977 Finley River Pete 1990 Daniel's Big Dot
1978 Finley River Joe 1991 Hern's Crowding Cindy
1979 Boone Creek Mike 1992 Logan's Wild Julie
1979 Swinney's Diamond Jim 1993 McKissick Creek Tabitha
1980 Rob's Danny Boy 1993 Tony's Wild Joey
1980 Mears Finley River Dan 1994 Easy Goin Eileen
1981 Wagoner's Bandit 1995 Burning Fork Jewell
1981 Spring Creek Rock 1996 Kerting's Seven Mile Sue
1982 McCallister's Finley River Banjo 1997 Neosho River Checkers
1983 Gold Creek Mundo 1998 Schmersal's Stylish Queen
1983 House's Tom Tom 1999 Logan's Wild Jeanie
1983 Beanblossom Buck 2000 Moll's Salt Creek Ann
1984 Hershberger's Oklahoma Spot 2001 Buck Creek Gracie
1985 Tablerock Flying Hawk 2002 Skean's Dolly
1985 Lewis' Rebel 2003 Tarheel Peggy
1986 Mullins' Sugar Creek Rip 2003 Miller's Candy
1986 Miller's Rock 2004 Abbott's Big Horn Daisy
1987 Kaw River Chief
1988 Moffet's W.C. Deamon
1988 Loomis's Tom
1988 River Bend Flag
1990 Beaver Lake Magic
1990 Red Eagle Dick
1990 House's Clint
1991 Ball's Hickory Nut Harry
1992 Spring Creek Radar
1993 Norman's Coon Stopper
1994 Hardwood Bozo
1995 Loagn's Wild Clover
1996 Indian Creek Pride
1996 Rock River Banjo
1996 Smith's Hillbilly Mac
1996 Kentucky River Striker
1996 Rock River Ring
1997 Hi Country Nite Heat
1998 Neosho River Jet
1998 Bellar's Pac Man
1999 Wick's Stylish Banjo
2000 Yadkin Tar Rattler
2000 Meier's Wildwood Bo
2001 Coffey's Hardtwist
2001 Rains Banjo Jr.
2001 Spring Creek Foot
2001 Minkler's Kansas Rock
2001 House's Lipper
2002 Dohoney's Boone
2003 Yadkin River Jeff
2003 Rock River Sackett Jr.
2004 Simpon's Blue River Finn
2004 Nocturnal Nailor









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Pedigree: Buck Creek Ike History Pedigree for Buck Creek Ike
2009 ACHA World Champion

2009 ACHA World Champion Coonhound Owned by John J. Monroe

Sire
GrNtCh Toller's Buck Creek Buck
Sire
NtCh Buck Creek Hammer
Sire
GrNtCh Dyers Buck Creek Tex
Sire
GrNtCh Buck Creek Drum
Dam
John's Hardwood Ann
Dam
Tree Talking Sissy
Sire
DualGrCh Toller's Treeing Drum
Dam
Dyer's Sue
Dam
Screaming Maggie
Sire
NtCh Poe's Tree Picking Snoopy
Sire
DualGrCh House's Lipper
Dam
Jefferson's Kate
Dam
Poe's Tree Picking Sally
Sire
DualGrCh Guess' Deanwood Drifter
Dam
NtCh Bentley's Brush Fk. Bonnie
Dam
Rocky Run Sadie
Sire
GrChNtCh Tar Heel Nitro
Sire
ChGrNtCh Rock River Sackett Jr
Sire
GrNtCh Rock River Sackett
Dam
GrNtCh Skean's Dolly
Dam
NtCh Maple Ridge Rudy
Sire
GrNtCh Yadkin Tar Rattler
Dam
GrCh Pearson's Miss Lipper
Dam
GrNtCh Little Buck Creek Rose
Sire
GrNtCh Minkler's Kansas Storm
Sire
DualGrCh Minkler's Ks. Dancer
Dam
Futz's Singing Susie
Dam
GrNtCh Duck Creek Star
Sire
Dam



IN 1965 JOHN J. MONROE WON THE 1965 ACHA WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP WITH FINLEY RIVER SPOT.  THIS WIN HELPED PUT THE FINLEY RIVER STRAIN AND FINLEY RIVER CHIEF ON THE MAP.

IN 2009 JOHN J. MONROE WINS THE 2009 ACHA WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP WITH BUCK CREEK IKE.  YES, JOHN DID HANDLE IKE IN THE HUNT THE SAME AS HE HANDLED SPOT IN 1965.  WHAT AN ACCOMPLISHMENT.  BUCK CREEK IKE GOES BACK TO FINLEY RIVER CHIEF A NUMBER OF TIMES.

Counter
The Early History of the Walker Hound

 

1852

In November, 1852, on the 20th day, Adam Maupin died. The date is recorded on a sandstone marker along with date of birth and the fact that he was the son of T. J. and Jane Maupin. He was 12 days past six years old.

Except for the incident that Jeff Maupin's older brother, Wash, on his way home that day from Harris' blacksmith shop, stopped by the house, the date on the stone marker would long ago have been forgotten, for pioneer Kentucky was long accustomed to bornings and buryings.

Madison county had not yet recovered from the shock of other events which foreshadowed the great changes soon to come. Henry Clay had died in the June before, closely followed by Daniel Webster, while members of the greedy capitalistic system had financed a railroad, and construction was already under way out of Louisville toward the State of Tennessee. In March a book came off the press which lit the fuse of the bomb that blew the states apart for four long years. It was a best seller called "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

The story in the book was about General Kennedy's Negro man. Tom, whose cabin stood across the branch, in a hackberry thicket, from the farm where Bob Walker died. By our time the old Kennedy mansion was in ruins, standing in the center of a cornfield, stripped of its colonial columns and shutters as bleak as a skull in the wintertime. General Kennedy had married the widow of William Woods Kavanaugh, who had died six years before when trying to swim his horse across the Tennessee river. The general brought her and the children back to Kentucky from Franklin county, Tenn. Among the children was a daughter, Jane Miller, aged eleven. She rates this record because she later married John Williams Walker and mothered four sons, Stephen, Edwin, Archibald K. and John Wade.

The reason for here recording the date of the death of little Adam Maupin is that when his uncle stopped at the house on the Crooksville pike that day he was carrying on the pommel of his saddle a rat-tailed, tight-haired black and tan deer hound that he carried on home to Hunter's Rest . . . and called by the name of Tennessee Lead.

-BLM

Excerpt from "History of the Walker Hound" by Bob Lee maddux

1855

 Adam Maupin's' uncle was George Washington Maupin ,who had obtained Tennessee

Lead from Tom Harris, a stock drover . Tom Harris had caught  The black and tan

hound out of a deer chase near the Kentucky and Tennessee line and carried him

home.

     In the early 1850's Red Fox began to appear in Kentucky. Prior to 1855, only
 
Gray Fox inhabited Madison County, but that year, A Red Fox found his way into the

area from Estill County. All of the local hunters Gray Fox hounds and Deer hounds

were baffled by this new wide running fox. All But one, George W. Maupin's'

Tennessee Lead. Lead jumped the Red Fox and ran it all day , with snow covering the

ground ,until he ran it into its' den at Round Mountain in Estill County. This was the

first Kentucky hound to jump and run to ground a Red Fox. Lead was no better Gray

Fox or Deer hound than those owned by other local hunters .The Trait that made him

famous was the Red Fox know-how he brought with him from Tennessee . From that

day, all the local hunters wanted a litter of pups sired by Tennessee Lead. 


The first hound bred to Tennessee Lead was a female called Red May, jointly owned

by Thomas Howard Maupin (brother of George Washington Maupin), Speedwell Road

and Alfred Johnson. This mating took place on November 20, 1852 the same day

that George Washington Maupin obtained Lead from Thomas Harris. This mating

produced the hound White Mag, who was later sold to George Washington Maupin.

1857

In 1857 William Fleming, an English importer ,purchased two black, white and tan  English hounds in England and shipped them to William Jason Walker in Kentucky. One of the hounds was a male by the name of  Rifler. The other was a bitch in whelp by the name of Marth. Marth had been bred in England to a dog that is unknown.

On the same night that they arrived in Kentucky, Rifler was carried on a hunt, Marth being to heavy with pups to go. Rifler proved that he knew the ways of the Red Fox.

When Marth's English pups were born, There was one Female and four males. The Tan and white Female was crippled when she was ran over by a wagon ,  crushing one of her feet. She was named Mash Foot, and was still a good foxhound in spite of being crippled. She was a good breeder and whelped several good litters of puppies. The Four males were named Fox (belonged to Jason Walker), Bally (belonged to Durett White), Bragg (belonged to Jeff  Maupin) and Troop (belonged to Jack Martin).

Marth was later bred to Tennessee Lead but she died before the pups were born.

Marth and Rifler and the five pups were the Imported stock of 1857 and are noted in Walker hound history with the Imp. preceding their names such as Imp.Rifler , Imp.Bragg Etc.. These hounds and the Ben Robinson male hound from Maryland (White Tickler were crossed on the old deer hounds and the hounds from Pennsylvania (Florence and Vic, both bitches) crossed on Tennessee Lead).  These  crosses made up the Early breed of Walker hounds.

More Walker Hound History

(From July 1923 TheChase Magazine)

The

By C. J. Prouty, 1907.

   Just one hundred and nine years ago last fall. John W. Walker, father of the four Walker brothers, (W. Stephen, Edwin H. J. and Wade and Arch K.), and originator of the strain of hounds bearing his name, was born in Garrard County. Ky., home of all the brothers. At the death of his father, John, then a mere child, went to live with his uncle, Billy Williams, of Madison County. who with his father, had migrated from Virginia several years before. They had kept a pack of deer hounds in Virginia and had brought part of that pack, some eight or ten, with them from Virginia. These hounds somewhat resembled the so- called native hounds of New England, common about ten years or more ago. They were noted for their keen noses, heavy musical voices and ability to keep their game on the move for many hours, but not at a fast gait. These deer hounds and their off-springs were mostly black and tan, some mottled, a few red, and occasionally a black  white and tan would appear. They were rather long cast, had square muzzles, long ears and rather poor legs and feet. But even at this early date were able to successfully cope with the deer and gray fox of that locality, the red at that time not having made its appearance in Kentucky. Today, in a certain part of Virginia, a type much like these old deer hounds can still be found, and no doubt trace directly back to the same parent stock as those that belonged to Uncle Billy Williams and his father over one hundred years ago. John W. Walker, at the age of ten, mounted behind his uncle, went on his first fox hunt, and from that day till he gave up hunting in 1862 was one of the most consistent and, outside of’ General Maupin. the most noted fox hunter in Kentucky. General Maupin and Mr. Walker were cousins and life long friends. The latter commenced hunting some earlier, but the General kept at the game long after Mr.  Walker gave up the sport. The hounds were of nearly the same blood, but nevertheless, they always enjoyed having a race, and were never happier than when one happened to beat the pack with some favorite hound. Mr. Walker confined his hunting more or less to home grounds, while General Maupin would go miles to get after a good running fox.He never gave up the sport. Even when too old to ride he would drive to the hunting grounds, and was carried lying flat on his back, when unable to sit in a carriage, in order to hear the cry of his pack, which had been so much a part of his whole life. One day, during Uncle Wash’s last sickness. W. S. Walker happened to call. He had been on a week’s hunting trip in Madison County, where his hounds had performed especially well throughout the week, and, naturally, he felt pretty happy on his way home. While relating some of the pleasant features of the hunt. Uncle Wash broke in and said to his Negro Sam, take old Tickler,” (a noted hound of that time), “and go out and beat Steve. Don’t let him go home feeling so gay.” Both General Maupin and Mr. Walker, at that day, loved a game hound and bred with that idea always upper-most in their minds speed, hunting, trailing and fox sense always secondary to gameness. Their point of breeding has been strictly adhered to by the present Walker brothers. Is it any wonder the Walker hounds are noted the country over, especially for their gameness, when one considers that for a hundred years they have been breeding to the gamest hounds they could find, often times sacrificing conformation and other valuable points necessary to make a first class, all around American fox hound?
The first Red fox that there is any record of in Garrard County, Kentucky was caught by James McQuerry after a heavy snow fall. He found strange tracks, which, upon investigation. seemed some like a gray fox, but being rather narrow and longer, with the two front toes and nails leaving a pronounced imprint, it roused his curiosity, so he followed the trail, which finally led to a pile of logs. His shepherd dog that had followed him by this time had become quite interested at what was going on, so he kept guard at one end of the pile, while his master went to the other. Just as he reached the end the gentleman in red spied Mr. McQuerry and darted back out of the pile where the dog was keeping watch. A lively scrap followed, the dog finally pinning the fox in the deep snow until his master could get a good safe hold on Reynard. At the time the fox appeared uninjured, but lived only a short time after being taken home by Mr. McQuerry. The news that a Red fox had been caught in the country spread quickly. Persons from all walks of life and many from long distances came to see what was then quite a curiosity. Since that date Red foxes have become fairly plentiful all over the state. At times in different locations they will be in fair numbers, when all of a sudden they will practically disappear, many being killed to be sure, but certainly some must migrate. There is no reason, if properly protected, why the red fox should not be as abundant in Kentucky as in New England. although shot here by the hundreds each year, they are always in numbers sufficient to furnish good sport. The first red fox that gave the Walkers any running, located in what is locally known as “Turkey Penn hollow”, just beyond the Whetstone Knob. one of the range of knobs that was about two miles south of the home of W. S., E. H. and Woods Walker. The pack became so familiar with the fox’s abode that they did not bother to trail him up but went to his kennel. It was not uncommon for the first note not to be given till the fox began running. His course always lay directly east, and when once squared away, held it. not once deviating a point either way from the line. Where he went they never knew as it was impossible to follow. Often-times the fox would be back to his favorite haunts before they would get home. Soon after, others commenced to come in. They apparently were working westward as they were always on the move in that direction. At times one hunter would take a trail early in the morning, trail until noon, when he would come up to where someone had put on an hour or more ahead of him, the second hunter might trail until dark without getting near the fox. One case in particular is told of different hunters with their packs trailing two whole days. resting nights without having a race. but the third day the trail commenced to warm up, so by noon they had the fox up on the run, which lasted until dark. when the pack caught and killed it.
The coming of the reds gave the breeder a harder problem to solve. While their hounds were all right for deer and gray fox, when matched with brother red it was a different story, and usually the race would come down to a cold trail. The state of affairs naturally set all interested in hounds to try to improve their packs by finding a suitable cross. The first one of any importance that really improved their pack came from a stolen hound. that is what we would call if such thing occurred today. About 1850. when a well known fox hunter was returning home from one of his mule buying expeditions. which often took him into Tennessee and Virginia. was crossing the mountains near the point where the two above named states and Kentucky meet when he heard a pack of hounds running a deer, and. noticing that one hound seemed to be beating the others, jumped off of his horse, beat the hounds and caught his lead dog, carried him to Madison County and gave him to General Maupin. This hound, afterwards known as Tennessee Lead, was a black dog much like Woods Walker’s Mart, that won the Derby at Barre in 1906. Tennessee Lead was rather a heavy boned hound, strong and well built, with ears much shorter than hounds in Kentucky at that time. He had a clear short mouth, and up to that time was probably the best Red fox hound in that section of the state. Lead was bred to the best bitches, the produce being an improvement over the Virginia hounds in all except voice. This was the first direct out cross made on the Virginia hounds. Many of the present Kentucky hounds trace back to Tennessee Lead. Scott (Scott No. 7), the most noted hound of his day,which was in the early eighteen eighties, and one of the pillars of the Walker breeding, was the fifth generation from Tennessee Lead. Two years later. General Maupin sent a man back to the mountains to find more hounds hike Lead, but was unsuccessful.
About 1852 or ‘53, it was decided to try an English cross on their hounds, Jason Walker, a cousin of the present Walker brothers, and Derrit White, who afterwards married a daughter of John W. Walker, prevailed upon William Fleming of Philadelphia. who sold goods to Jason Walker, to get him a pair of English hounds while on one of his many trips across the water. This couple, Rifler and Marth, came in due time, the latter in whelp at the time. and afterwards giving birth to five, four of which were dog puppies. Rifler and Marth were both fine looking hounds, the bitch the better of the two, but unfortunately died soon after whelping. All five of her puppies lived but none Reached their prime except Bally, who was blind. The bitch of this litter was bred to Tennessee Lead. Her puppies were black and tan, and black, white and tan. Among this lot was a famous bitch known as the ‘Mashfoot’ bitch, she having had one foot badly crushed by being run over by a wagon. Her puppies were superior hounds - a big improvement over the hounds of that time. Blind Riley, Wake, Rush and Brack were her best get. W. S. Walker’s first hound,  Rifler, was by imp. Rifler out of the “Mashfoot” bitch. Although John W. Walker never liked the English hounds as fox dogs, the cross certainly improved the back. feet and legs of their hounds and made a tougher and better looking hound, if not a gamer one.
  In 1863, when Mr. Walker gave up hunting. he presented his hounds to his sons, W. S. and E. H. Walker. who have always been on the lookout to improve - their hounds by judicious crossings and the careful mating of their own stock with that of the Madison County hunters. W. S. Walker, along in 1887, visited Maryland for the sole purpose of finding’ a few hounds that would improve their stock. He hunted with many of the best known packs of Virginia. then went to Maryland. staying about six weeks in each state. In the latter state he hunted with Henry Griffith and later bought two of his best hounds, Sam and Brag. Sam had the reputation of being able to catch more red foxes than any hound in the state. He was a pale red dog, while Brag was a black and white, ring neck hound. larger and somewhat better looking than Sam, although Sam was a well made hound. After a fair trial in Kentucky these hounds did not prove satisfactory, consequently were not bred to any of their bitches. A little later W. S. Walker bought from John Hardy of Maryland two hounds, Bloomer, a large black and tan dog, and Beulah. a while, gray and lemon spotted bitch. Bloomer was a firs class fox hound but no better than the best of their own stock. He was bred to fourteen of their best bitches. The produce were good in every point except gameness. and lacked the enduring qualities of their own blood. It improved a little. the trailing qualities and gave some better mouths, but on the whole was not a complete success, About 1889, Mr. l-lardv sent Mr. Walker two more hounds, Bluff, who was sent to replace one that had been returned no good. and Pat, a pale yellow hound that was sent to beat everything as he had done in Maryland, but the trip, change of climate. etc., evidently put him all to the bad, as he would not hark into a race in Kentucky, and was subsequently given to a Negro man. Bluff was not as good looking as the other Maryland hounds, but after his first race all were much pleased with his work and thought at that time he would do to breed to. But later, after running a plantation fox for two hours, he quit entirely, and was returned to Maryland.
  Two years later, in 1891, James Crawford, a friend of the Walkers, imported from the Earl of Egglesten’s pack of Scotland, three hounds and sent them to Mr. Walker - Strive, a dog three years old, Relish and Clara, both bitches two years old. All were fine looking, handsomely marked, black, white and tan, with trimmed ears which is often the custom in England. Strive was by far the best of the three. He was the fine, wide hunter, good trailer and when the fox was up had plenty of speed, was dead game, with lots of endurance. His greatest
drawback was his mouth, which was seldom given when trailing, and when running it was so fine and light it could it could not be distinguished in a pack, so Mr. Walker hit upon a scheme of having a bell hung to his collar. evidently taking idea from the New England bird hunter, who often, when hunting in thick cover uses a bell on his setter. The scheme might have worked out successfully if the bell had been attached before reaching the hunting grounds, in order for Strive to become accustomed to the ringing. but instead, it was put on just as the grounds were reached, which so completely upset the hound that he )absolutely refused to hunt. Although he lived but six months in his new home, during that time he was bred to at least thirty-five of the best bitches in Garrard and adjoining counties. Clara was of little use. Sometimes she would run fast about  half an hour or so, then give up and come in. Although apparently well, her owner thought she must be wrong physically. Relish was much better than Clarara, but she was never to be depended on. At times she would run well two or three hours, but seldom longer. She was not at all tired, just lacked ambition, gameness and the desire to hunt. The get of imported Strive, as a rule, were fine looking hounds, a big improvement in respect over the Walker hounds of that time. It was the same here as with the earlier English cross, outside of conformation and color, the get as fox hounds, with few exceptions were rather inferior to the Walker hounds, and I dare say today, many of the best hunters prefer a pedigree without the cross on Strive and Clara. Some are fearfully opposed to any of Clara’s blood in their Hounds, although many of the best Walker hounds that ever came to New England had a cross of Clara  through Col. Jack Chinn’s dog, Gordon. The best imported Strive’s get were Ch. Big Strive and Pearl Strive, that won everywhere whenever shown on the bench. Big Strive was also a first class fox hound with good bottom, but lacked gameness to a certain extent. Both of these hounds were out of Vanarsdall’s Sal. The writer saw Big Strive and Pearl Strive at the New York Kennel Club show in Boston in 1895, and was then much impressed with their general appearance, especially with Pearl Strive, one of the finest built fox hound bitches ever bred in America although half English. That well known authority on American fox hounds, Dr. A. C. Heftinger of Portsmouth, N. H., in his article on the Cook hound in the "American Fox Hound" says that the Cook fox hounds swept everything before them in bench shows of the country until the Kentucky breeders began showing their type with the modern English cross in it. These Kentucky hounds are best represented by Big Strive and Pearl Strive,  out pointed the Cook hound in every way save head, and by continuous winning soon ran them off the circuit. Pearl Strive was the cleanest and raciest fox hound I have ever seen. Next to her the Cook bitch, Modest Girl, filled my eye, had the better head, but Pearl Strive Scored over her generally in body, feet and legs.
Raise, litter mate to Ch. Big Strive and Pearl Strive, owned by Col. Chinn was a first class hound, but not quite as good on bench as others. E. H. Walker had a good one, Rowdy, by Strive. He was black. white and tan, but not so typical as Strive’s get, but about as good a fox dog as any of that blood. Unfortunately he developed a liking for sheep, which soon ended his career. One of the best fox hounds by Strive was out of Trim, a hound called Scott and owned by S. P. Calvin of Louisiana, while Bragg out of Lot, and Mag out of Rate. she by Old Scott(Scott no 7), were high class hounds, both game. Brag especially so. The former was owned by Col. Rogers of Texas, and the latter by Dr. Rosborough of the same state. Many of Strive’s get went to all parts of the country. Some of which were just as good and possibly better than those mentioned, but no record is at hand in regard to them. Ch. Big Strive lived to be 8 years old and up to the last was used very extensively in the stud. Many of his get were fine looking, nicely marked, high class hounds, some of which were excellent, while others as is often the case with the English cross, lacked gameness to a certain extent. Col. Chinn had a good bitch, Shadow by Jay Bird out of Kate and she by Big Strive. She was the dam of Matt and A. V. Huyler’s Jay Bird that ran at Barre last fall.
The get of Big Strive can be found in nearly every state in the Union. Although the consensus of opinion today seems to be for breeding away from the English cross, Judge C. E Huff, a noted fox hunter in Arkansas and owner of many fine hounds, still likes about one- eighths English blood. His best hounds today have about 12 1-2 per cent. but as he mated his favorite bitches with E. H. Walker’s Old Mont, which is free from any direct English cross, the produce have less than 16 per cent of that blood.
   In 1894. or thereabouts. Mr. George Garrett sent a very good looking July hound to E. H. Walker, which was bred to a few bitches, hut the produce were not game, otherwise they were fairly good hounds, hut when it came right down to a long race, they would strike their colors. Dr. A. C. Heffinger also sent a July dog to cross on the Walker hounds. But he was stricken with black tongue before there was any opportunity to breed him.
   There are today, and always have been, many good fox hunters and careful breeders of hounds in Madison County. Of the older hunters, few were as successful as Neil Gooch, a nephew of General Maupin. He was one of the very best hunters in the state. He would stay for hours. waiting for his dogs. always making it a point never to never leave a hound of his in the woods. In proportion to numbers, he probably owned more really first class hounds than any man in the state. His black bitch. Aggie, a dam of Spotted Top, was considered by W. S. Walker the best fox hound he ever saw. She was a granddaughter of Tennessee Lead, and was really a wonderful hound. At a big meet where there were at least a hundred hounds present, Mr. Gooch offered to wager that Aggie could beat any hound present, although she had just weaned a litter of puppies, which naturally left her in a rather poor condition for a match race. No one came forward to accept the challenge, as nearly all present were acquainted with Aggie’s speed and gameness. One of the Walkers, however, was about to accept the wager when tipped off by a friend, which was excellent advice as Aggie could, and did, beat the pack. Dolph, another one of Mr. Gooch’s great hounds, beat James Maupin's Flyer, Rant and Bob, and this, too, after filling up on some stuff that happened to he found on the way to the hunting grounds. Mr. Gooch died about ten years ago.
   John Bennet, also of Madison County, a very fine man and a great lover of fox hounds and fox hunting, owned and bred a lot of high class hounds whose names will be found in many of the pedigrees of the Walker hounds today.
Col. Caperton. a wealthy man of Richmond. always kept a pack of hounds, many of which were excellent in all respects. the most noted being Jarret and Calvin, a blue ticked dog that was bred to very extensively.
   Kilis and Joseph Deatherage, both of Madison County, owned and bred many first class hounds. Three bitches, Shiny, a grand puppy of Col. CaperIon’s, Calvin, and Lucy, grand puppies of Calvin on dam side and Jarrett on sire side, were noted hounds. Shiny was the dam of Joe White that produced SO many good hounds only a few years ago. some of which are still living. Lucy was the dam of many brilliant hounds and was a favorite brood bitch with the Walkers for several years. Bred to Joe White,  she produced Tige and Minnie Dykes. By Scrape, she produced young Lucy, dam of E. H. Walker’s Don, that sired Dickerson’s Don, Dr. Heffinger’s Brigand and Bandit, John P. Park’s Frank and many other hounds of the highest class. While speaking of Joe White, it is worthy of notice that he sired Phoebe, dam of Leavel’s Gordon and Retha. that won at Bardstown last fall, and also Wooldridge’s Glen, a grand young hound, but never shown in public. All three sired by E. H. Walker’s Phil, he by Arp, out of Woods Walker’s Lill, she by Hardy out of Alice. Phil is a very handsomely marked black, white and tan hound that stands 23 1-4 in. at the shoulders, and considered by the Walkers to be about the best looking hound owned by them for years. He has a splendid coat, gay carriage of stern good legs and feet, front legs could be a little better for pasterns down and feet a trifle smaller, would be an improvement, he has a good head, little too much stop line of profile, not being quite straight. Back excellent, ribs well sprung and carried well back. Have seen Woods Walker's ten year old boy sit on Phil’s back without the dog flinching a particle or seeming to be at all distressed by the weight. Phil is a good hunter, very fast and dead game, with a good mouth and lots of it. in fact a little too much of it at times. As a stallion hound, Phil has today few equals and no superiors. Unfortunately, nearly all the Walker bitches are so close kin to him that they cannot use him, although many outsiders are availing themselves of his services with best results. As to which is the best all round fox hound ever owned by the Walker family, opinions differ. E. H. Walker claims Red Mack, by Old Scott, was the best, being so good he was in a class by himself, while W. S. Walker does not agree with his brother. claiming Spotted Top was the king of all their hounds. they do agree. however, that Red Mack was not a great success as a sire, while Spotted Top has the distinction of being the sire of more extra good hounds than any other hound in the kennels. Scott, Joe and Arp not excepted. Yell, a litter mate to Top, was a brilliant hound, and next to Top the best at that time, Red Mack coming years afterwards. Two of Spotted Top’s get, Little Top and Boston, were extra good hounds. Both could pick up rabbits after a short course, like gray hounds, although Little Top was killed by a deer when eighteen months old, he was a wonderful hound to find a fox, could, and did find as many as the balance of the pack  and after the fox was up, few hounds could ever take the track from him. Johnny Leavell’s  Sokie , by Spotted Top out of Vie, was a good fox dog and a noted brood hitch. S. B. Lear’s Tray and Mollie, litter mates to Sokie, both of splendid conformation, very fast and excellent voices.
The next on list of noted sires came Scott, bred by Alex Maupin, whelped about twenty years ago. He was by Gooch’s Mack out of Maupin’s Fannie, and had the distinction of siring more puppies than any other hound before or since his time. He is considered the main pillar of the Walker blood, the more crosses back to Old ScottNo. 7,  the more valuable the pedigree. It is out of the question to name all of the good hounds Scott No. 7 sired. First came Red Mack. belonging to E. H. Walker, and spoken of’ before. John Park’s Scott, litter mate to Red Mack, and excepting Mack the best all around fox hound of that time, but neither of these hounds proved successful in the stud, while W. S. Walker's Troop and Col. Jack Chinn’s Minch, although not as high class fox hounds, were far superior as sires. Troop. sired by Scrape, spent the best part of his life in Texas. but returned to Kentucky in time to become an important factor in hound breeding about eight or ten years ago. The best of his get were Joe White, E. H. Walker’s Lucy and Roe, Montgomery’s Simon, John D. Roger’s Fanner and Jack Britton. It seems to the writer a pity that Simon, grand hound as he is, should have been neglected in the stud by the breeders while in his prime. Today there are many anxious to breed first class bitches to him, now that his days of usefulness in that line are over. Simon is well bred, handsomely marked, black. white and tan, of excellent conformation and a wonderfully game hound. This winter, although ten ears old and crippled by an accident in his younger days. which has always\s limited his speed, he has stayed all night many times with Frank Searcv’s pack. For the first of the race, as may be expected with young and fast hounds. he could not keep well up, but toward morning he would catch the pack and from then on would be in the thickest of the fight for the lead. Simon is an excellent hunter and noted for his fox finding ability, has a good big mouth and gives plenty of it. While Simon has been neglected. his two sisters, Babe and Tex, have made enviable records as brood bitches. Old Scott no. 7 sired Red Sam who in turn bred to Mag, produced jay Bird, Osie, Black Bird and Bake. Jay Bird was a noted hound and a good sire. He won the Derby stakes in both the
Brunswick Fox Hound Club and the National Fox Hunters’ Association in 1895, a feat that has never been accomplished before nor since that date. Bake was the sire of E. H. Walker’s Black Joe, one of the greatest hunting hounds ever owned in Kentucky, a hound that would go further and stay longer to get after a fox than any hound of his time. Black Joe sired Burt, Mont, Arp and Ailsie, all extra good hounds and all capable of reproducing. Arp, having the most and best bitches bred to him, naturally gets the credit of the best sire. Ailsie, who won the All Age Stake of the Brunswick Fox Hound Club in 1903, was dam of W. S. Walker’s Topsy and Icey, the latter dam of John Park's Ch. Fitz who won the All-Age Stake at Bards- town in 1907. Jay Bird sired Robinhood, sire of Jip Sharp winner of All-Age Stake at Barre, in 1907. Scott sired a number of high class bitches, among the lot being Vanish, litter mate to Red Mack. A. K. Walker’s Mat, W. S. Walker’s Minnie and Rachel, Charles Blue’s Fan, E H. Walker’s Cricket, A. K. Walker's Cricket and Will Irvin’s Mag.
   About Scott's time, A. K. Walker had Raider II, bred by Will Irvin that was by Gentry’s Raider out of Kit. Raider was a fine fox hound and sire of many good ones. best of which was Squealer, whose name will afterwards be seen in the breeding of many of the Walker hounds. Lucy bred to him produced Hardy. sire of Lil Walker. who is dam of Phil, Breck and Jockey. the latter owned by Dr. Snipe of Arkansas. All are grand fox hounds and of the right type.
   The winning of the Walker hounds under many different judges from many stakes at the fields trials have been very large. More so than all other strains combined for the past five years. The 1907 Derby winner at Barre, Cloud, is by the Tom Cat. he by Jay Bird. All-Age winner, Jip Sharp by Robinhood, he by Jay Bird. 1906 the Derby was won by Mat, she by Arp out of Shadow, Shadow by Jay Bird. The All Age that year was won by George C. Call’s Fly, not a Walker hound. In 1905 both the winners of All-Age and Derby were of other strains. George E. CaIl's Loud won Derby and Mr. Smith’s Sinner the All Age. 1904 found Simple, a full Walker. winning in the Derby, while Logan, a Maryland hound, won the All-Age. Simple is by Jack, he by Scrape while Fannie, his dam is by Joe White. In 1903 Ailsie, by Black Joe x Charmer, won the All-Age in a field of fifty-eight of the best hounds this country could boast, Derby being won by Thomas Hitchcock’s Maid. By the above will be seen that Walker hounds had the honor of winning the Derby of Brunswick Fox Hound Club three times in five years while the All-Age stake of the same club was won the same number of times by Walker hounds making six prominent wins out of a possible ten, a most excellent showing for any one strain of hounds. The National Fox Hunters’ Association field trails show an even greater per cent of winners of the Walker strain. In 1907 Retha won Derby and Ch. Fitz the All-Age. Trevir won the derby in 1906 while Calvin was the winner ofAll-Age There was no award in the All-Age Stake in 1905. Blanche won the Derby that year. Buster Brown won the Derby in 1904, the All-Age hound falling to Blossom. There was no Derby cup in 1903. Cricket, dam of Blanche, won the All-Age that season. All the above named hounds are Walkers except Buster Brown and Blossom, the former being by Brigand, a half Walker. while the latter is a half Trigg. This gives the Walker hounds credit of winning the Derby of the National Fox Hunters’ Association three times in the last four years. While three of the All-Age winners, in the same period, were of that strain, giving a total of six very prominent out of a possible eight to the credit of the Walker hounds, a most excellent showing of the grandest strain of hounds that has ever come under the observation of the writer.

By C. J. Prouty, 1907. (From July 1923 TheChase Magazine)

George Washington Maupin (Left), Tennessee Lead and William J. Walker (Right) 
 

 

History of the American Foxhound

The Beginning of the American Foxhound is older than the United States.  When the first settlers arrived on these shores, some brought hounds.  Importation of Irish, English, and French hounds down through the years have been crossed and re-crossed until a hound suitable for conditions in this country had evolved.

Most of the early leaders of the American colonies were lovers of the chase.  They worked very hard to have the best they could breed in the foxhound line. George Washington maintained a large pack of hounds at Mount Vernon.  He took great pride in his hounds, and continually sought to improve them.  In 1770, he imported a number of hounds from England, and in 1785, the Frenchman, La Fayette, shipped him a number of French foxhounds.  It was said the their voices were like the "Bells of Moscow".  These Virginia hounds were one of the foundation-stones of the American Foxhound.

There are a number of different strains in existence today that are recognized as American Foxhounds.  The most popular is the Walker, followed by July, Trigg, Calhoun, Hudspeth and Goodman.  The Walker, Goodman and Trigg strains can all be traced to Madison County, Kentucky and a stolen hound called Tennessee Lead.  According to legend, this hound was stolen out of a deer chase in Tennessee a few miles south of Albany, Kentucky by a trader in November 1852. This trader carried this rat-tailed, tight-haired black and tan hound to Madison County where he was sold to George Washington (Wash) Mauphin.  The origin and breeding of this hound is unknown, but because of his speed and ability to run a red fox, he was used extensively at stud.  His get were crossed on imported hounds from England, native Kentucky, Maryland and Birdsong hounds from Georgia.  Out of these crosses came the three major strains: Walker, Trigg and July. Tennessee Lead can be found approximately 30 or so generations back in many modern AKC Walker-origin showhound lineages.  However, probably the most influential and more modern foxhound sire represented in many Walker-origin 10 generation showhound pedigrees is CH Kentucky Lake Bugle Boy, who is back about 7-9 generations from current day hounds and about 22 generations more recent than Lead.

The Walker strain was first known as Mauphin hounds in Kentucky, but Wash Mauphin, while breeding some wonderful hounds, failed to keep many records.  It was left to the Walker brothers to use a careful method of breeding and record keeping on the Mauphin hounds.  This led to great results.  They shipped a large number of hounds to Texas shortly after the Civil War, and it was there that this strain was first called Walkers.  This name soon moved eastward and was forever accepted as designated name for the strain when published in the Red Ranger Stud Book.  A high level of gameness and endurance characterized this strain.

The Trigg strain was founded by Col. Haiden Trigg of Kentucky.  His aim was to breed a hound with a good coarse voice; black, white and tan blanket-backed; with white points.  He crossed Walkers, July, Birdsong and other strains to arrive at his ideal foxhound.  After his death, the strain decreased in popularity, but in recent years, has made a strong comeback and is quite popular today.  They have big voices and are close track runners.

The July strain came into prominence in Georgia.  This strain was preceded by the Birdsong Hounds, native Georgia Hounds, the Henry Hounds from Virginia and Maryland hounds from Howard County, Maryland.  In 1858, Mr. Nimrod Gosnell shipped a male hound to Colonel Miles G. Harris of Sparta, Georgia.  This hound was named July for the month in which he arrived.  This hound was outstanding and others of this strain were imported.  July was crossed on the Birdsong and Henry Hounds.  George J. Garrett, Col. Gil F. Birdsong, Miles G. Harris and Capt. Dick Baxter were probably the founding breeders of this strain.  At one time, this strain was called July-Maryland.  This strain, as exists today, is different in conformation from the Walker Hounds.

The Goodman was originally the Mauphin-Maryland strain.  Willis Goodman did little or nothing to start this strain, but he was the one who dispersed it over the country.  The hound buyers with whom he did business started to call the strain Goodman and it has continued until this day.  They were a mixture of Mauphin, Robinson-Maryland and Irish bloodlines.

Otie Calhoun was the original breeder of the Calhoun strain.  It originated in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina and Tennessee by the Calhoun family, beginning about 1860.





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